Go to for a possible dating refinement based on the method of finish application, though some of the diagnostic features can be masked by the turn-mold production process. Ink bottles differ from in that the bottles were designed to serve a purely utilitarian purpose i. Chronology Rockingham glazed vessels were inexpensive, mass-produced wares of the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries, manufactured in both England and North America Claney 2004:xiii. Molded motifs are often quite elaborate and include hunting scenes, naturalistic motifs with vines, corn, flowers, grapes, seashells or waterfalls and eagles. The image shows the vertical side mold seam ending on the outside edge of the bead finish at a the upper portion of a induced horizontal mold seam that encircles the extreme outer edge of the finish. The most sought after inkwells are those having the most intricate patterns and unusual colours.
Gothic arches, panels and geometric designs were also produced. Utilitarian items makes up the bulk of the bottles produced during the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. Mottled or streaked glazes appeared in the 1840s and predominated until the 1870s, when the more uniformly brown glazes again became common Claney 2004:54. For example, some bottle types which were intended to be kept indefinitely like the early 20th century barber bottle pictured to the right were produced with the use of pontil rods leaving telltale pontil scars on bottles into at least the early 20th century. Shape is more indicative of function - i. Inkwells, Inkstands and Ink Bottles - Page 2 Ref. Rockingham is generally not felt to be a specific ware type; rather simply a type of glaze applied to yellow, buff or rarely white-bodied ceramics.
Just look at the Chinaman on the bamboo ladder adding the finishing touches to the 'Poster' This leaflet is not dated, but would be from the 1920s. Click to view the typology page section devoted to that category. Operated by Ed Hayes, Email: This web page hosted by. The general probability estimates noted on this website are based on a merging of reliable references with empirical observations made by this site's affiliated consulting experts see the page and the author who have been students of historic bottle dating and identification for many years. The closer to the top of the bottle the seams extend, the more recent was the production of the bottle.
The two stamps with a seated man are from Roedl in Prague. Vic decided this year to show some of our Stoneware Inkwells, dating from 1830 to 1910. The reason this is noted here is that the concept keeps popping up in the literature of bottle dating and identification ranging from Sellari's books Sellari 1970:5 published shortly after Kendrick's book to as recent as Fike 1998:4 and Heetderk's 2002:15. Guide to collectors of Antique Inkwells The market for antique inkwells is particularly competitive and there is a large community of collectors and online clubs and societies that specialise in these small antique items. The concentric rings are not always as obvious as the picture shows click to enlarge and sometimes not visible, though if present it is a conclusive diagnostic feature. Reuse, of course, does not change the manufacturing date of the bottle itself, but care must be exercised when using the known date of one or a few bottles to date other items found from the same context.
That is why sanders have a bowl like top. From the late Georgian period onwards — i. Individual components of the motif, like the pitcher, the tree and the rock, show variation as well. The glass varied from colourless translucent to Ruby red, Bristol blue, milky opaque, Cranberry, yellow and other colours. Most free-blown bottle date prior to 1850 and can be much older. Starting with , follow through the questions as suggested. Only scribes knew the full array of hieroglyphs and would write on the behalf of their employers, usually the.
Click to move to the portion of the Dating key for Mouth-blown bottles new webpage. See the page for more information. There are not many now we would be interested in acquiring, 20+ years of collecting them means we really have all we set out to collect. The larger master ink pint or quart size was used to store ink and refill the smaller ink wells. This was almost universal with many beverage bottle types e. If necessary, look very closely at the bottle shoulder - the best location to see vertical side seams on mouth-blown and most machine-made bottles - in good light with a hand lens to see if there is at least some faint evidence of where the mold edges came together. As the literature world becomes more dependent on computers and keyboards, there is an increasing desire to obtain these relics of a bygone era, when being able to write was a privilege and less common.
At the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games Russian walker, George Klimov, became acquainted with local Aussie athlete Ray Smith, they trained together and exchanged ideas on training and technique. These bottles will, however, have the vertical side mold seam progressing all the way to the very top of the finish side, just not onto the rim. I am guessing these were a novelty Christmas item, probably sold full of toffees but with a practical use for Daddy after the toffees were eaten. Ink bottles were shaped so they were hard to tip over. Turtle style ink with scaloped edges and embossed cardinal on dome.
Sapphire blue pontiled cone ink with 4 draped panels and a label panel. After absorbing and drying the ink, it was poured back in the sander to be used again. Fire Polishing - Occasionally encountered machine-made bottles may have fire polished finish rims - a process which eradicated evidence of the seam on the rim of the bottle. The information on this website will, however, usually produce a reliable manufacturing date range for a majority of American utilitarian bottles manufactured from the early 1800s to the mid-20th century. These often fetch hundreds of pounds at auctions and are fought over by international enthusiasts. An example of this is the finding of a few pontil scarred utilitarian bottles among otherwise late 19th or early 20th century refuse.